Philosophy and Goal of B. Sc in Nursing 2006 : Knowing and Understanding the Philosophy and Goal of Nursing is very import for a future nurse.
[ Philosophy and Goal of B. Sc in Nursing 2006 ]
The Bangladesh Nursing Council and its members hold the following beliefs about person, environment, health, nursing, midwifery, and nursing education.
Person is a unique being, holistic in nature with interactive bio-physical, psychosocial, and spiritual dimensions. A person has ability for self-care actions required for promoting health, preventing diseases and illnesses, overcoming illness/restoring and maintaining health.
Environment consists of biophysical and socio-cultural elements that impact people’s health. Each person lives within, and interacts with, an ever-changing environment, including health-care environment. The environment can be altered to positively affect a person’s health by changing or removing unhealthy stressors and providing health-promoting resources.
Health is a state of complete physical, mental, social and spiritual well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. Health-illness continuum indicates a continuum stage between health and illness across life span. Health is viewed as a dynamic state of wholeness or integrity achieved by continual adjusting one’s
self for optimal functioning. Illness is viewed as a dynamic state of loss of wholeness, dysfunction, or disorganization. While healing is the process through which illness is overcome and wellness reestablished; and is achieved by goaloriented or deliberated actions.
Nursing assists clients (individuals, families and communities-aggregates of people within communities) to attain physical, mental, social and spiritual wellbeing. Nursing involves a dynamic interaction between client and nurse aimed to promote, maintain, and restore optimal health in collaboration with other health
It also encourages involvement of clients and significant others in the care for self-reliance and in modifying their health behaviors. Nurses use nursing process in determining clients’ needs or problems in responses to actual or potential health problems, planning for nursing interventions, intervening, and evaluating responses. Nurses deliver community-oriented nursing care, taking into account clients’ community context. Critical thinking is the basis for nurses to apply nursing knowledge and to follow ethical and legal framework in their practice.
Midwifery is care of the girl-child, the adolescent and the adult woman prior to, during, and following pregnancy. It aims to promote, maintain, and restore optimal health and views pregnancy as a normal life event. Midwife gives necessary supervision, care and advice for women during pregnancy, labour and the postpartum period. The midwife conducts deliveries on her own responsibility and cares for the newborn infant.
She detects abnormal conditions in the mother and baby, procures medical assistance as necessary; and the execution of emergency measures in the absence of medical help. The midwife works in collaboration with other health care team members and/or community-based health workers in promoting the health of women and childbearing families.
Nursing education is a dynamic, continuous learning process of acquiring nursing and midwifery knowledge and skills that bring about changes of student behaviors. Nursing education acquires active and life-long learning and new learning builds on previous knowledge and experience. Learning in nursing
education is best achieved when student is motivated and ready to learn, where student’s dignity is respected; teaching strategies and learning experiences are carefully selected to facilitate critical thinking; and professional or clinical role modeling is offered.
Student who completes the Bachelor Programme will be a competent nursemidwife who can demonstrate the competency of using knowledge-based practice for provision of quality holistic client-centered nursing care to meet needs/expectations and to promote, maintain, and restore heath of individuals, families, and communities in common, simple, and complex health problems/situations.